Indeed, it has been suggested that if this principle had been applied consistently, the Chinese would have ended up with a syllabic rather than a logographic system. A similar though smaller emergence occurred in Eastern Europe, especially in Russia.
At one time, many Chinese characters called hanja were introduced into Korean for their meaning, just as in Japanese. Assessment Most scholars now believe that neither the logographic Chinese writing system nor the alphabetic Indo-European writing system possesses any overall advantage. From Nagarjunakonda2nd century CE.
John DeFrancisin the introduction to his Advanced Chinese Reader, estimates that a typical Chinese college graduate recognizes 4, to 5, characters, and 40, to 60, words.
It is now recognized that the system represents the Chinese language by means of a logographic script. Mandarin Finals And here are the letters and combination of letters that will finish the word: At the same time Arabic and Persian began a slow decline in importance as the Islamic Golden Age ended.
Similarly, the pronunciation of a syllable is relatively uninfluenced by adjacent syllables, which, therefore, remain relatively invariant. To the engraving of gems there is reference also, such as with seals or signets.
Maya writing used logograms complemented by a set of syllabic glyphs: For a more thorough treatment of the relationship between writing and language in Chinese, see Chinese languages: Indeed, scribes took pride in being able to read the same text in various ways.
The Assyrians and the Babylonians, both speaking dialects of the Akkadian languagewere responsible for most of the cuneiform writing in a form known today as Akkadian cuneiform. Moreover, one morpheme in Chinese is more or less equivalent to a word.
Arabic script was adopted as the primary script of the Persian language and the Turkish language. Eastern scripts preserved the logographic principle even though some of the logographs were sound-based; each word was represented by a distinctive visual character.
Because vowel sounds generally distinguish grammatical rather than lexical meaning, some Semitic writing systems never developed any device for representing them. A greatly elaborated set of these clay shapes—some shaped like jars and some like various animals and occasionally inserted in clay envelopes—dates from bce, about the time of the rise of cities.
The largest non-Han group in China, the Zhuanghave for over years used Chinese characters. With this invention the Chinese approached the form of writing invented by the Sumerians.
While the two orthographies are not related in any way—Chinese developed independently—their histories do bear certain similarities.
And also you need to understand that each letter combination can have up to 4 tones, so knowing how to read pinyin is also not enough. That this material was in use in Egypt from a very early period is evidenced by still existing papyrus of the earliest Theban dynasties. Such complex graphs or characters consist of two parts, one part suggesting the sound, the other part the meaning.Until relatively recently, Chinese writing was more widely in use than alphabetic writing systems, and until the 18th century more than half of the world’s books were written in Chinese, including works of speculative thought, historical writings of a kind, and novels, along with writings on government and law.
The History of the Alphabet INTRODUCTION: Pre-Alphabetic Writing • Chinese writing is based on ideograms – hard to learn at first, so it takes Chinese students much longer to learn how to write than Western students – they’re essentially learning a new language.
(Brief) History of Writing Greek alphabet •Phoenicians develop West Semitic Syllabary by BCE; only consonants were represented. •Previously, Chinese writing had been used •Designed to be easy to learn •Letters based on phonetics •Letters are combined into syllables.
Letters in Hangeul. Title: Slide 1. Ancient Chinese Writing: History of How It Began.
Chinese was the first written East Asian language. The earliest evidence of Ancient Chinese writing was found in the early 20th century CE when cattle bones and turtles shells were uncovered in China.
The Phoenician writing system, though quite different from that of Mesopotamia, still owes its development to the Sumerians and their advances in the written word.
Independently of the Near East or Europe, writing was developed in Mesoamerica by the Maya c. CE (though some evidence suggests a date as early as BCE). The history of the alphabet started in ancient Egypt. By BCE Egyptian writing had a set of some 22 hieroglyphs to represent syllables that begin.Download